def • iso8859

ISO 8859

The ISO 8859 standard includes several 8-bit extensions to the ASCII character set (also known as ISO 646-IRV). Especially important is ISO 8859-1, the "Latin Alphabet No. 1", which has become widely implemented and may already be seen as the de-facto standard ASCII replacement.

ISO 8859-1 supports the following languages: Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Faeroese, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Icelandic, Irish, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Scottish, Spanish, and Swedish.

Note that the ISO 8859-1 characters are also the first 256 characters of ISO 10646 (Unicode).

ISO 8859 Alphabets

The full set of ISO 8859 alphabets includes:

ISO 8859-1 West European languages (Latin-1)
ISO 8859-2 Central and East European languages (Latin-2)
ISO 8859-3 Southeast European and miscellaneous languages (Latin-3)
ISO 8859-4 Scandinavian/Baltic languages (Latin-4)
ISO 8859-5 Latin/Cyrillic
ISO 8859-6 Latin/Arabic
ISO 8859-7 Latin/Greek
ISO 8859-8 Latin/Hebrew
ISO 8859-9 Latin-1 modification for Turkish (Latin-5)
ISO 8859-10 Lappish/Nordic/Eskimo languages (Latin-6)
ISO 8859-11 Latin/Thai
ISO 8859-13 Baltic Rim languages (Latin-7)
ISO 8859-14 Celtic (Latin-8)
ISO 8859-15 West European languages (Latin-9)
ISO 8859-16 Romanian (Latin-10)

ISO 8859-1 Characters

The following table displays the characters in ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1), which are printable and unlisted in the ASCII table.

ISO 8859-1 Charset

 Dec   Hex   Char   Description
---------------------------------------------------------------
 160   A0           NO-BREAK SPACE
 161   A1     ¡     INVERTED EXCLAMATION MARK
 162   A2     ¢     CENT SIGN
 163   A3     £     POUND SIGN
 164   A4     €     CURRENCY SIGN
 165   A5     ¥     YEN SIGN
 166   A6     Š     BROKEN BAR
 167   A7     §     SECTION SIGN
 168   A8     š     DIAERESIS
 169   A9     ©     COPYRIGHT SIGN
 170   AA     ª     FEMININE ORDINAL INDICATOR
 171   AB     «     LEFT-POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK
 172   AC     ¬     NOT SIGN
 173   AD           SOFT HYPHEN
 174   AE     ®     REGISTERED SIGN
 175   AF     ¯     MACRON
 176   B0     °     DEGREE SIGN
 177   B1     ±     PLUS-MINUS SIGN
 178   B2     ²     SUPERSCRIPT TWO
 179   B3     ³     SUPERSCRIPT THREE
 180   B4     Ž     ACUTE ACCENT
 181   B5     µ     MICRO SIGN
 182   B6     ¶     PILCROW SIGN
 183   B7     ·     MIDDLE DOT
 184   B8     ž     CEDILLA
 185   B9     ¹     SUPERSCRIPT ONE
 186   BA     º     MASCULINE ORDINAL INDICATOR
 187   BB     »     RIGHT-POINTING DOUBLE ANGLE QUOTATION MARK
 188   BC     Π    VULGAR FRACTION ONE QUARTER
 189   BD     œ     VULGAR FRACTION ONE HALF
 190   BE     Ÿ     VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS
 191   BF     ¿     INVERTED QUESTION MARK
 192   C0     À     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH GRAVE
 193   C1     Á     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH ACUTE
 194   C2     Â     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 195   C3     Ã     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH TILDE
 196   C4     Ä     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS
 197   C5     Å     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
 198   C6     Æ     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AE
 199   C7     Ç     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA
 200   C8     È     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH GRAVE
 201   C9     É     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH ACUTE
 202   CA     Ê     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 203   CB     Ë     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER E WITH DIAERESIS
 204   CC     Ì     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH GRAVE
 205   CD     Í     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH ACUTE
 206   CE     Î     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 207   CF     Ï     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH DIAERESIS
 208   D0     Ð     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER ETH
 209   D1     Ñ     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH TILDE
 210   D2     Ò     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH GRAVE
 211   D3     Ó     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH ACUTE
 212   D4     Ô     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 213   D5     Õ     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH TILDE
 214   D6     Ö     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS
 215   D7     ×     MULTIPLICATION SIGN
 216   D8     Ø     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH STROKE
 217   D9     Ù     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH GRAVE
 218   DA     Ú     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH ACUTE
 219   DB     Û     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 220   DC     Ü     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH DIAERESIS
 221   DD     Ý     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y WITH ACUTE
 222   DE     Þ     LATIN CAPITAL LETTER THORN
 223   DF     ß     LATIN SMALL LETTER SHARP S
 224   E0     à     LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH GRAVE
 225   E1     á     LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH ACUTE
 226   E2     â     LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 227   E3     ã     LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH TILDE
 228   E4     ä     LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS
 229   E5     å     LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE
 230   E6     æ     LATIN SMALL LETTER AE
 231   E7     ç     LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA
 232   E8     è     LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH GRAVE
 233   E9     é     LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH ACUTE
 234   EA     ê     LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 235   EB     ë     LATIN SMALL LETTER E WITH DIAERESIS
 236   EC     ì     LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH GRAVE
 237   ED     í     LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH ACUTE
 238   EE     î     LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 239   EF     ï     LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH DIAERESIS
 240   F0     ð     LATIN SMALL LETTER ETH
 241   F1     ñ     LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH TILDE
 242   F2     ò     LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH GRAVE
 243   F3     ó     LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH ACUTE
 244   F4     ô     LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 245   F5     õ     LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH TILDE
 246   F6     ö     LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS
 247   F7     ÷     DIVISION SIGN
 248   F8     ø     LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH STROKE
 249   F9     ù     LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH GRAVE
 250   FA     ú     LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH ACUTE
 251   FB     û     LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX
 252   FC     ü     LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH DIAERESIS
 253   FD     ý     LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH ACUTE
 254   FE     þ     LATIN SMALL LETTER THORN
 255   FF     ÿ     LATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH DIAERESIS

This documentation comes from the 'man' page of the Linux Programmer's Manual.